Calcium Cyanamide : definição de Calcium Cyanamide e sinónimos de Calcium Cyanamide (inglês)

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alemão búlgaro chinês croata dinamarquês eslovaco esloveno espanhol estoniano farsi finlandês francês grego hebraico hindi holandês húngaro indonésio inglês islandês italiano japonês korean letão língua árabe lituano malgaxe norueguês polonês português romeno russo sérvio sueco tailandês tcheco turco vietnamês

definição - Calcium Cyanamide

calcium-cyanamide (n.)

1.a compound used as a fertilizer and as a source of nitrogen compounds

Calcium Cyanamide (n.)

1.(MeSH)A cyanide compound which has been used as a fertilizer, defoliant and in many manufacturing processes. It often occurs as the calcium salt, sometimes also referred to as cyanamide. The citrated calcium salt is used in the treatment of alcoholism.

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sinónimos - Calcium Cyanamide

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Calcium cyanamide

                   
Calcium cyanamide
Identifiers
CAS number 156-62-7 YesY
PubChem 4685067
ChemSpider 21106503 YesY
UNII ZLR270912W YesY
EC number 205-861-8
UN number 1403
RTECS number GS6000000
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula CaCN2
Molar mass 80.102 g/mol
Appearance White solid (Often gray or black from impurities)
Odor odorless
Density 2.29 g/cm3
Melting point

1340 °C [1]

Boiling point

1150-1200 °C (sublim.)

Solubility in water Reacts
Hazards
MSDS ICSC 1639
EU Index 615-017-00-4
EU classification Harmful (Xn)
Irritant (Xi)
R-phrases R22 R37 R41
S-phrases (S2) S22 S26 S36/37/39
NFPA 704
NFPA 704.svg
0
3
1
W
Flash point Non-flammable
Related compounds
Related compounds Cyanamide
Calcium carbide
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Calcium cyanamide or CaCN2 is a calcium compound used as fertilizer,[2] first synthesized in 1898 by Adolph Frank and Nikodem Caro (Frank-Caro process).[3] It is formed when calcium carbide reacts with nitrogen. It is commercially known as Nitrolime.

CaC2 + N2 → CaCN2 + C

The reaction takes place in large steel chambers. An electric carbon element heats the reactants to red heat. Nitrogen is pressurised at 2 atmospheres.

It crystallizes in hexagonal crystal system with space group R3m and lattice constants a = 3.67, c = 14.85 (.10−1 nm).[4]

Contents

  Preparation

Calcium cyanamide is prepared from calcium carbide. The carbide powder is heated at about 1,000°C in an electric furnace into which nitrogen is passed for several hours. The product is cooled to ambient temperatures and any unreacted carbide is leached out cautiously with water.

CaC2 + N2 → CaCN2 + C (ΔHƒ°= –69.0 kcal/mol at 25°C)

  Uses

The main use of calcium cyanamide is in agriculture as a fertilizer.[2] In contact with water it decomposes and liberates ammonia:

CaCN2 + 3 H2O → 2 NH3 + CaCO3

It was used to produce sodium cyanide by fusing with sodium carbonate, which was used in cyanide process in gold mining:

CaCN2 + Na2CO3 → 2 NaCN + CaO + O2

It can also be used in the preparation of calcium cyanide and melamine.

Through hydrolysis, calcium cyanamide produces cyanamide.

CaCN2 + H2O + CO2 → CaCO3 + H2NCN

The conversion is conducted on slurries, consequently most commercial cyanamide is sold as an aqueous solution.

Thiourea can be produced by the reaction of hydrogen sulfide with calcium cyanamide in the presence of carbon dioxide.[5]

Calcium cyanamide is also used as a wire-fed alloy in steelmaking, in order to introduce nitrogen into the steel.

  See also

  References

  1. ^ Pradyot Patnaik. Handbook of Inorganic Chemicals. McGraw-Hill, 2002, ISBN 0-07-049439-8
  2. ^ a b Auchmoody, L.R.; Wendel, G.W. (1973). "Effect of calcium cyanamide on growth and nutrition of plan fed yellow-poplar seedlings". U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/23629. Retrieved 2008-07-18. 
  3. ^ "History of Degussa: Rich harvest, healthy environment". http://www.degussa-history.com/geschichte/en/inventions/calcium_cyanamide/. Retrieved 2008-07-18. 
  4. ^ F. Brezina, J. Mollin, R. Pastorek, Z. Sindelar. Chemicke tabulky anorganickych sloucenin (Chemical tables of inorganic compounds). SNTL, 1986.
  5. ^ Bernd Mertschenk, Ferdinand Beck, Wolfgang Bauer "Thiourea and Thiourea Derivatives" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2002 by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. All rights reserved. doi:10.1002/14356007.a26_803

  External links

   
               

 

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