1.act of reducing or depriving of arms"the disarmament of the aggressor nations must be complete"
DisarmamentDis*arm"a*ment (?), n. [Cf. F. désarmement.] The act of disarming.
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Acronym Institute for Disarmament Diplomacy • Afghan Disarmament, Demobilisation and Re-Integration Program • Afghan Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Program • Arms Control and Disarmament Agency • Blair's tests for Iraq Disarmament • Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament • Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (NZ) • Conference on Disarmament • Disarmament Insight • Disarmament as Humanitarian Action • Disarmament in Somalia • Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration • European Nuclear Disarmament • European Nuclear Disarmament Journal • Great Peace March for Global Nuclear Disarmament • Independent Nuclear Disarmament Election Committee • Institute for Defense and Disarmament Studies • International Commission on Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament • International Confederation for Disarmament and Peace • International Conference on Nuclear Disarmament • Iraq disarmament crisis • Iraq disarmament timeline 1990–2003 • National Commission for Economic Conversion and Disarmament • New Zealand Nuclear Free Zone, Disarmament, and Arms Control Act 1987 • Nuclear Disarmament Party • Nuclear disarmament • Scottish Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament • Second London Naval Disarmament Conference • Unilateral disarmament • United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research • United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs • United States Senate Select Committee on Disarmament • Victim disarmament • World Disarmament Conference
action d'enlever (fr)[Classe...]
action de (ou fait d'être) (fr)[Classe...]
manœuvre d'une arme à feu pour tirer (fr)[ClasseParExt.]
(arms; armaments; weaponry)[Thème]
action d'enlever (fr)[Classe...]
(arms; armaments; weaponry)[termes liés]
Disarmament is the act of reducing, limiting, or abolishing weapons. Disarmament generally refers to a country's military or specific type of weaponry. Disarmament is often taken to mean total elimination of weapons of mass destruction, such as nuclear arms. General and Complete Disarmament refers to the removal of all weaponry, including conventional arms.
Disarmament can be contrasted with arms control, which essentially refers to the act of limiting arms rather than eliminating them. A distinction can also be made between disarmament as a process (the process of eliminating weapons), and disarmament as an end state (the absence of weapons). Disarmament has also come to be associated with two things:
Philosophically, disarmament may be viewed as a form of demilitarization; part of an economic, political, technical, and military process to reduce and eliminate weapons systems. Thus, disarmament may be part of a set of other strategies, like economic conversion, which aim to reduce the power of war making institutions and associated constituencies.
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An example on the feasibility of the elimination of weapons is the policy of gradual reduction of guns in Japan during the Tokugawa shogunate. In two centuries, Japan passed from being the country with more guns per capita to producing (or importing) none.
In the early 1930s, US President Franklin D. Roosevelt sent this message to the World Disarmament Conference: "If all nations will agree wholly to eliminate from possession and use the weapons which make possible a successful attack, defences automatically will become impregnable and the frontiers and independence of every nation will become secure."
In 1961, US President John F. Kennedy gave a speech before the UN General Assembly where he announced the US "intention to challenge the Soviet Union, not to an arms race, but to a peace race - to advance together step by step, stage by stage, until general and complete disarmament has been achieved." He went on to call for a global general and complete disarmament, offering a rough outline for how this could be accomplished:
Nuclear disarmament refers to both the act of reducing or eliminating nuclear weapons and to the end state of a nuclear-free world, in which nuclear weapons are completely eliminated.
Major nuclear disarmament groups include Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, Greenpeace and International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War. There have been many large anti-nuclear demonstrations and protests. On June 12, 1982, one million people demonstrated in New York City's Central Park against nuclear weapons and for an end to the cold war arms race. It was the largest anti-nuclear protest and the largest political demonstration in American history.
In his definition of "disarmament", David Carlton writes in the Oxford University Press Political dictionary, "But confidence in such measures of arms control, especially when unaccompanied by extensive means of verification, has not been strengthened by the revelation that the Soviet Union in its last years successfully concealed consistent and systematic cheating on its obligations under the Biological Weapons Convention." He also notes, "Now a freeze or a mutually agreed increase is not strictly speaking disarmament at all. And such measures may not even be intended to be a first step towards any kind of reduction or abolition. For the aim may simply be to promote stability in force structures. Hence a new term to cover such cases has become fashionable since the 1960s, namely, arms control."
Disarmament by definition involves inspection and verification procedures. Thus, the book by Seymour Melman, Inspection for Disarmament, addresses various problems related to the problem of inspection for disarmament, evasion teams, and capabilities and limitations of aerial inspection. Gradually, as the idea of arms control displaced the idea of disarmament, the weaknesses of the present arms control paradigm have created problems for the idea of disarmament itself.
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