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alemão búlgaro chinês croata dinamarquês eslovaco esloveno espanhol estoniano farsi finlandês francês grego hebraico hindi holandês húngaro indonésio inglês islandês italiano japonês korean letão língua árabe lituano malgaxe norueguês polonês português romeno russo sérvio sueco tailandês tcheco turco vietnamês

definição - straw

straw (adj.)

1.of a pale yellow color like straw; straw-colored

straw (n.)

1.a variable yellow tint; dull yellow, often diluted with white

2.material consisting of seed coverings and small pieces of stem or leaves that have been separated from the seeds

3.plant fiber used e.g. for making baskets and hats or as fodder

4.(ellipsis)a thin paper or plastic tube used to suck liquids into the mouth

straw (v.)

1.spread by scattering ("straw" is archaic)"strew toys all over the carpet"

2.cover or provide with or as if with straw"cows were strawed to weather the snowstorm"

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Merriam Webster

StrawStraw (?), v. t. To spread or scatter. See Strew, and Strow. Chaucer.

StrawStraw, n. [OE. straw, stre, stree, AS. streáw, from the root of E. strew; akin to OFries. strē, D. stroo, G. stroh, OHG. strō, Icel. strā, Dan. straa, Sw. strå. √166. See Strew.]
1. A stalk or stem of certain species of grain, pulse, etc., especially of wheat, rye, oats, barley, more rarely of buckwheat, beans, and pease.

2. The gathered and thrashed stalks of certain species of grain, etc.; as, a bundle, or a load, of rye straw.

3. Anything proverbially worthless; the least possible thing; a mere trifle.

I set not a straw by thy dreamings. Chaucer.

Straw is often used in the formation of self-explaining compounds; as, straw-built, straw-crowned, straw-roofed, straw-stuffed, and the like.

Man of straw, an effigy formed by stuffing the garments of a man with straw; hence, a fictitious person; an irresponsible person; a puppet. -- Straw bail, worthless bail, as being given by irresponsible persons. [Colloq. U.S.] -- Straw bid, a worthless bid; a bid for a contract which the bidder is unable or unwilling to fulfill. [Colloq. U.S.] -- Straw cat (Zoöl.), the pampas cat. -- Straw color, the color of dry straw, being a delicate yellow. -- Straw drain, a drain filled with straw. -- Straw plait, or Straw plat, a strip formed by plaiting straws, used for making hats, bonnets, etc. -- To be in the straw, to be brought to bed, as a pregnant woman. [Slang]

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definiciones (más)

definição - Wikipedia

sinónimos - straw

straw (n.) (ellipsis)

drinking straw

straw (v.)

scatter, sprinkle, strew

ver também


-A Man of Straw • Ames Straw Poll • Barred Straw • Bricks without straw • CPAC Straw Poll • Champagne from a Straw • Clean Straw for Nothing • Conical straw hat • Don Straw • Drinking straw • Ezekiel A. Straw • Ezekiel Albert Straw • Ezekiel Straw • Final Straw • Final Straw (album) • Final straw (album) • Jack Straw • Jack Straw (disambiguation) • Jack Straw (farmer) • Jack Straw (rebel leader) • Jack Straw (song) • Jack Straw Foundation • Jack Straw's Castle • Jack Straw's Farmhouse • Jack Straw's Lane • Jim Straw • Mr Straw's House • Museum of Korea Straw and Plants Handicraft • Petrine Archer-Straw • Poppy straw • Ray Straw • Soda straw • Straw (band) • Straw (colour) • Straw (disambiguation) • Straw Bear • Straw Dogs • Straw Dogs (band) • Straw Dogs (disambiguation) • Straw Donkey... The Singles • Straw Man (comics) • Straw Man argument • Straw Men (novel) • Straw Necked Ibis • Straw Underwing • Straw argument • Straw bale • Straw borrower • Straw chamber • Straw deed • Straw dog • Straw donor • Straw hat • Straw itch • Straw man • Straw man (disambiguation) • Straw man (dummy) • Straw man (law) • Straw man (literature) • Straw man proposal • Straw marquetry • Straw men • Straw mushroom • Straw owner • Straw paintings • Straw person fallacy • Straw plaiting • Straw poll • Straw purchase • Straw that broke the camel's back • Straw tracker • Straw wine • Straw, California • Straw, County Londonderry • Straw-backed Tanager • Straw-bale construction • Straw-colored • Straw-colored Colilargo • Straw-coloured Fruit Bat • Straw-coloured Pygmy Rice Rat • Straw-headed Bulbul • Straw-man argument • Straw-necked • Straw-necked Ibis • Straw-tailed Whydah • Syd Straw • Texas Straw Poll • The One-Straw Revolution • The Straw • The Straw Hat • The Straw Men • Thomas Straw • Turkey in the Straw • Urea-treated rice straw • Will Straw • Woman of Straw • Yellow Bed-Straw

dicionario analógico


straw (adj.)



  Large round bales of straw
  Bundles of rice straw
  Pile of "small square" straw bales, sheltered under a tarpaulin
  Straw or hay briquettes are a biofuel substitute to coal

Straw is an agricultural by-product, the dry stalks of cereal plants, after the grain and chaff have been removed. Straw makes up about half of the yield of cereal crops such as barley, oats, rice, rye and wheat. It has many uses, including fuel, livestock bedding and fodder, thatching and basket-making. It is usually gathered and stored in a straw bale, which is a bundle of straw tightly bound with twine or wire. Bales may be square, rectangular, or round, depending on the type of baler used.



Current and historic uses of straw include:

  • Animal feed
    • Straw may be fed as part of the roughage component of the diet to cattle or horses that are on a near maintenance level of energy requirement. It has a low digestible energy and nutrient content. The heat generated when microorganisms in a herbivore's gut digest straw can be useful in maintaining body temperature in cold climates. Due to the risk of impaction and its poor nutrient profile, it should always be restricted to part of the diet. It may be fed as it is, or chopped into short lengths, known as chaff.
  • Basketry
    • Bee skeps and linen baskets are made from coiled and bound together continuous lengths of straw. The technique is known as lip work.
  • Bedding: humans or livestock
    • The straw-filled mattress, also known as palliasse, is still used in many parts of the world.
    • It is commonly used as bedding for ruminants and horses. It may be used as bedding and food for small animals, but this often leads to injuries to mouth, nose and eyes as straw is quite sharp.
  • Biofuels
    • The use of straw as a carbon-neutral energy source is increasing rapidly, especially for biobutanol. Straw or hay briquettes are a biofuel substitute to coal.
  • Biomass
    • The use of straw in large-scale biomass power plants is becoming mainstream in the EU, with several facilities already online. The straw is either used directly in the form of bales, or densified into pellets which allows for the feedstock to be transported over longer distances. Finally, torrefaction of straw with pelletisation is gaining attention, because it increases the energy density of the resource, making it possible to transport it still further. This processing step also makes storage much easier, because torrefied straw pellets are hydrophobic. Torrefied straw in the form of pellets can be directly co-fired with coal or natural gas at very high rates and make use of the processing infrastructures at existing coal and gas plants. Because the torrefied straw pellets have superior structural, chemical and combustion properties to coal, they can replace all coal and turn a coal plant into an entirely biomass-fed power station. First generation pellets are limited to a co-firing rate of 15% in modern IGCC plants.
  • Construction material: bricks / cob
    • In many parts of the world, straw is used to bind clay and concrete. A mixture of clay and straw, known as cob, can be used as a building material. There are many recipes for making cob.
    • When baled, straw has moderate insulation characteristics (about R-1.5/inch according to Oak Ridge National Lab and Forest Product Lab testing). It can be used, alone or in a post-and-beam construction, to build straw bale houses. When bales are used to build or insulate buildings, the straw bales are commonly finished with earthen plaster. The plastered walls provide some thermal mass, compressive and ductile structural strength, and acceptable fire resistance as well as thermal resistance (insulation), somewhat in excess of North American building code. Straw is an abundant agricultural waste product, and requires little energy to bale and transport for construction. For these reasons, strawbale construction is gaining popularity as part of passive solar and other renewable energy projects.[1]
    • Enviroboard can be made from straw.
    • Strawblocks
  • Hats
    • There are several styles of straw hats that are made of woven straw.
    • Until about 100 years ago, thousands of women and children in England were employed in plaiting straw for making hats. These days the straw plait is imported.[citation needed]
  • Horticulture
    • Straw is used in cucumber houses and for mushroom growing.
    • In Japan, certain trees are wrapped with straw to protect them from the effects of a hard winter as well as to use them as a trap for parasite insects.
    • It is also used in ponds to reduce algae by changing the nutrient ratios in the water.
    • The soil under strawberries is covered with straw to protect the ripe berries from dirt, and straw is also used to cover the plants during winter to prevent the cold from killing them.
    • Straw also makes an excellent mulch.
  • Packaging
    • Straw is resistant to being crushed and therefore makes a good packing material. A company in France makes a straw mat sealed in thin plastic sheets.
    • Straw envelopes for wine bottles have become rarer, but are still to be found at some wine merchants.
    • Wheat straw is also used in compostable food packaging such as compostable plates. Packaging made from wheat straw can be certified compostable and will biodegrade in a commercial composting environment.[4]
  • Paper
    • Straw can be pulped to make paper.
  Belarusian Straw Bird
  • Rope
    • Rope made from straw was used by thatchers, in the packaging industry and even in iron foundries.
  • Targets
    • Heavy gauge straw rope is coiled and sewn tightly together to make archery targets. This is no longer done entirely by hand, but is partially mechanised. Sometimes a paper or plastic target is set up in front of straw bales, which serve to support the target and provide a safe backdrop.
  • Thatching
    • Thatching uses straw, reed or similar materials to make a waterproof, lightweight roof with good insulation properties. Straw for this purpose (often wheat straw) is grown specially and harvested using a reaper-binder.

  See also


  External links



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